Electromagnetic Induction of
Space Substractum

by Paramahamsa Tewari

In order to fully comprehend the working of Space Power Generators that operate at over-unity efficiencies and thereby defy the existing Law of Conservation of Charge and Law of Conservation of Energy, I had carried out a number of crucial tests. The enclosed article describes one such test that pin-points the substantiality of Space (Absolute Vacuum). In due course I shall be writing some more articles also that are based on the experiments carried out for the development of Space Power Generators.

Electromagnetic Induction of Space Substratum - Fig. 1.


A cylindrical electromagnet, rotated on its axis, develops dc voltage between the axis and the periphery though there is no relative motion between the magnetic field in the core parallel to the axis and the iron conductor of the core. Refer to Fig. 1. Faraday had discovered [1] this effect by rotating together a permanent magnet and copper disc integral with it. Bruce DePalma [2] while carrying out the experiments on rotation of magnets independently discovered this phenomenon and named it “N-Effect”. Development of N-generator by DePalma, Homopolar generator by Adam Trombly [3] and Space Power Generator (SPG) by the writer operating at “over-unity” efficiencies and in violation of the “Law of Conservation of Energy” in its existing form is based on this new system of co-rotating assembly of magnet and disc conductor, in which the magnetic field and the conductor have zero relative motion. It gets evident that there are more basic aspects to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction that what has been so far recognised.

In Fig. 2 a conductor C is placed transverse to a magnetic field B from a magnet M. Electromotive force (emf) is generated in C if it is moved as shown in the figure. Also if C is kept at rest and M is moved, emf is generated in C. In an other case, if current is changed in a nearby conductor C, the changing magnetic flux of C will induce an emf in C. In the above cases, there is either relative motion between C and B, and B thus cuts the conductor or there is a change in the magnetic field B’ of the nearby circuit conductor C and the changing field B interacts with C to produce emf. In SPG also the magnetic field is in contact with the rotating iron core conductor and emf is produced without relative motion between the conductor and the magnetic field. The common feature in all the above cases is that for the generation of emf in a conductor, interaction with the conductor of either steady magnetic field of changing magnetic field is essential.

Electromagnetic Induction of Space Substratum - Fig. 2.

An experiment with rotating electromagnet described below has, however, shown that emf can be induced within a rotating conductor even when it has no direct interaction with steady of changing magnetic field. With this experiment, a conclusive proof is had that the absolute vacuum (space) is the fundamental substratum of reality that can undergo magnetic induction and transmit the emf induced in it to the conductor rotating relative to it.


Refer to Fig. 1. The magnetic circuit of a rotating electromagnet completes its path through static iron limbs on either side and the base. In the four slots cut in the cylindrical iron core, provision is made for non-magnetic stainless steel (ss) rods that are welded near the centre of the core and connected with the non-magnetic ss ring surrounding the core. The magnetic field produced by the dc current in the coil, which is integral with the core and rotates with it, does not pass through either the four slots or the rods mounted within the slots. When the assembly is rotated, the magnetic field remains fully confined to the core, air gaps on either side of the core and the base. Measurements show however that the ss ring develops the same dc voltage as the cylindrical core’s surface on its periphery, although the ss ring and the rods are neither in contact with the periphery of the core nor have magnetic field in them. Even when four thin slots are cut in the ss ring making rods independent, the same voltage is induced in the ring. It is inferred that the zone in which voltage is induced in the rods is within the slots and since the magnetic field in the core surrounding the slots is a steady field due to dc current in the electromagnet’s coil, electromagnetic induction as conventionally understood can not induce emf in the rods. The space surrounding the rods in the slots has to be a real medium that has to somehow generate emf in itself so as to transmit the same to the rods.


The effect of generation of emf in the above experiment can be explained by introducing “static” and “dynamic” aspects of space substratum as discussed elsewhere in writer’s works. [4] The interatomic space within the iron core along with the “space vortices” that constitute the atoms of the iron core, the ss ring and the rods form one system of dynamic space that rotates relative to the static space. Within the iron core, however, the rotating space is super-imposed on the stationary space, and, therefore, the magnetic field there is common to both the rotating as well as the stationary spaces. As the space of the rotating iron due to rotation shifts along with its magnetic field, it leaves behind within the slots static space with magnetic field falling to zero there. This causes induction effect in the static space of the slots. The ss rods moving through the stationary space within the slots pick up the emf induced there and are thus raised to the same potential as the periphery of the core. If the space medium within the slots around the ss rods is considered an “emptiness”, in the absence of any magnetic field there, no electro-magnetic induction is possible and hence the ss ring cannot develop emf with steady magnetic field in the core contrary to experimental evidence.


The following conclusions are drawn from the above experiment:

A rotating electromagnet carried with it during rotation the magnetic field in interatomic space of the core produced due to the coil integrally mounted on the core of the electromagnet. (As the source of the magnetic field [coil] rotates, the field also rotates with the source.)

The steady magnetic field in the iron core in its transverse motion of rotation produces emf in the neighbouring space (within the slots) due to the electromagnetic induction of space caused when the magnetic field in the core shifts relative to the stationary space substratum in the slots.

The radial flow of load current in the electromagnet’s iron core and the magnetic field in the core transverse to this current, interact within the rotating space system of the core which is independent of the external stationary space system. The resultant force between the current and the magnetic field is thus contained within the rotating space system and does not produce torque opposite to that of the prime mover that rotates the electromagnet.


  1. Faraday, Michael, and Thomas Martin (ed). Faraday’s Diary. Bell, 1932. <http://amzn.to/1xdWvtt>
  2. DePalma, Bruce. "On the Possibility of Extraction of Electrical Energy Directly from Space." Speculations in Science and Technology 13:4 (Sept 1990).
  3. Adam D. Trombly, Director of Research & Development, Zero Point Technologies Inc., PO Box 1031, Evergreen, CO 80439, USA.
  4. Tewari, Paramahamsa. Beyond Matter. Aligarh, India: Print Well Publications, 1984.
  5. Tewari, Paramahamsa. "Generation of Electrical Power from Absolute Vacuum by High Speed Rotation of Conducting Magnetic Cylinder." Magnets in your Future 1:8 (August 1986).
  6. Tewari, Paramahamsa. "Violation of Conservation of Charge in Space Power Generation Phenomenon." Jour. Borderland Research 45:5 (Sept.-Oct. 1989). <Index>
  7. Tewari, Paramahamsa. "Detection of Stationary and Dynamic Space Substratum." Raum & Zeit 2:1 (1990).